Student Health, Safety & Wellbeing – Managing Challenging Behaviours

One of the most complex challenges facing schools (and Old Orchard is no exception) is managing and responding to challenging and extreme student behaviours. These behaviours can be quite varied but in general terms they fall into one of the following categories:

  • Swearing or using offensive language – this ranges from relatively low level language to extremely offensive and abusive language at the top end of the scale
  • Physical behaviour towards others – this ranges from a gentle push or tap to kicks, punches and the use of objects as weapons
  • Vandalism or damage of property – from incidental or careless damage to a deliberate act
  • Insolence and/or non-compliance – this might include a rude response to a teacher / adult or could escalate to leaving class and even the school premises

Despite popular misconceptions, there is no simple or easy solution to managing or responding to these behaviours, which are influenced by many factors. Some students may behave in this way as a result of social and emotional issues that they experience, some may have diagnosed conditions that contribute to their behaviour and some may be influenced by differing parental expectations. In addition, the behaviours often vary according to the age and maturity level of the student(s) involved.

At a preventative level, we work incredibly hard to establish a positive and respectful school culture based around respect. This focus is a constant throughout the seven years of a student’s time at Old Orchard and is addressed at both formal and informal levels. We aim to create a baseline of expectations in relation to student behaviour, to establish the classroom, playground and school ‘norms’ that we are able to reference with the students.

The teaching of social skills as part of formal and informal lessons is also fundamental. As an example, we might feel that targeted intervention is appropriate with a group of students experiencing consistent social problems such as excluding another student or even for students playing games ‘roughly’.

Restorative Practice is also used consistently at Old Orchard. It is a strategy that seeks to repair relationships that have been damaged through inappropriate behaviour and seeks to move towards a sense of remorse and restorative action on the part of the offender and forgiveness on the part of the victim. Within this program, Circle Time is practised regularly within classes providing students with an opportunity to express how they feel about particular situations or events.

For perhaps 99% of our students, this approach is very successful and appropriate – students may need an occasional reminder about what is expected and how they might respond differently to a particular event or incident and for the most part this works extremely well. Our focus is on helping students understand why particular behaviour is unacceptable and how they might learn from the experience and respond differently in the future, assisting them in taking responsibility for their actions and making good decisions. When we establish clear expectations and trust students to ‘do the right thing’, they very rarely let us down and often exceed expectations.

For a very small number of students, the above approach is not always effective. For reasons we don’t always understand these students might respond with anger or aggression directed towards staff or other students. It is very important to understand that these rare, extreme behaviours are and always will be dealt with and followed up. However, clear Departmental guidelines on student intervention and lessons learnt from extensive experience in responding to such situations will often influence our immediate response. For observers watching from afar, it may appear that a student has ‘gotten away’ with swearing at a teacher or being physically aggressive. This is particularly evident if your child is on the receiving end of physical behaviour. Please be assured that we are and always will be protective and supportive of students or staff who have been impacted upon by inappropriate behaviour. Appropriate follow up and consequences are applied for inappropriate behaviour – this is best done when the student has calmed down and is able to reflect on and accept responsibility for their own actions, not when their anger level is still high. Be mindful also that we have a duty of care to all students. It serves no purpose to ‘demonise’ students for poor behaviour and our goal is to assist these students in becoming positive, valued members of the Old Orchard community. In the heat of the moment it is easy to forget the ‘big picture’ but our school has an outstanding record of supporting all students and many wonderful examples of students who have progressively learnt to manage their own emotions and behaviours.

Our goal in applying consequences is to help a student understand how his or her actions have impacted upon others and how he or she might make better choices in the future. Consequences are not designed to be punitive – we must always remain mindful that our role is to assist students in growing and learning. However, consequences are fair, clear, purposeful and serious if warranted. Examples of consequences applied at Old Orchard include but are not limited to:

  • Time out
  • Restriction to specific areas of the playground
  • Lunch / recess detention
  • Suspension
  • Verbal or written apology
  • Meeting with the Principal / Assistant Principal
  • Parent conference
  • Withdrawal of privileges

Working with students with challenging behaviours is rarely a ‘quick-fix’ scenario. For some of our students, an incredible number of hours has been devoted to preventative programs (such as social skills and the teaching of positive behaviour strategies), intervention, debriefing, applying of consequences, the development and implementation of appropriate individual behaviour plans and more. Some may observe or hear of a particular incident and take the immediate view that ‘something must be done.’ As a school, we are in a position of knowing that a great deal is being done and that significant progress is being made – a student may now be involved in incidents once every month instead of once every week and this growth and progress is enormous. This progress is generally as a result of the efforts of the student, the support of the family and the incredible perseverance of the staff in developing a strong, supportive relationship with the student whilst continuing to set and expect high standards of behaviour. The reality is that there is no ‘magic wand’ or quick fix.

As stated in the opening paragraph, this is an incredibly complex area that is often viewed in simplistic but not necessarily realistic terms. The circumstances of each situation will vary and will influence our response and course of action. However, we are deeply committed to the wellbeing of all students and will always respond in a manner that is fair, reasonable and takes into account all relevant factors. 

Student Health, Safety & Wellbeing – Respectful Relationships

Student Safety, Health & Wellbeing is an essential element of the Old Orchard school community. It could well be argued that it is the most important element. Above all else, even above the acquisition of literacy and numeracy skills, parents send their children to school expecting that they will be safe and happy and all school staff have this at the forefront of their daily interactions with all students.

At Old Orchard, we have extremely high expectations of our staff (and all adults in the school community) that they will model and practise positive and respectful interactions at all times. In practice, this includes actions such as:

  • Speaking in a courteous, respectful manner to staff, students and parents
  • Listening respectfully and actively to staff, students and parents (this includes behaviours such as making eye contact, positive body language, etc)
  • Acknowledging differing viewpoints (which doesn’t necessarily mean agreeing with them)
  • Respecting confidentiality and not ‘gossiping’

The modelling of these behaviours is extremely powerful is supporting our students to be respectful of each other. From Prep through to Year 6, teachers spend time in their classes reinforcing with students the importance of accepting diversity and differences. Depending upon the age group or specific situation, this may range from something as minor as a student having a ‘different’ haircut to something more significant such as religious beliefs, cultural differences or disabilities.

An appreciation of our core school value of Respect, and what this ‘looks like’ is very significant in developing a positive and respectful school culture where student wellbeing and safety are paramount. In particular, Respect for Others and Respect for Self are concepts that are addressed regularly by all teachers, sometimes as a general overview on school and classroom expectations and sometimes in response to a specific issue or incident. Again, the degree of sophistication of the discussions varies considerably based on the age of the students and their capacity to understand the concepts. Respect for Learning is the third element of our core value.

At the commencement of the school year, all classes devote significant time to establishing the ‘norms’ and expectations for a positive and respectful classroom learning community. Students play a significant role in this process and take ownership of the behaviours and expectations they identify as appropriate. Establishing these baseline expectations is extremely important and staff members will frequently refer back to these throughout the school year.

I have reproduced an extract from our School Strategic Plan that provides further clarity around this discussion. We are incredibly proud of the positive and respectful school culture that exists at Old Orchard and all members of the school community should share in this pride. Feedback from the vast majority of parents, visitors and notably students/families who have moved to Old Orchard from other schools is extremely positive.

Detailed information about our school values is also included in the school diary and we strongly encourage parents to spend time discussing this with their child(ren).

Of course, our students are human and in some instances learning to manage their impulse control just as they are learning to read – these instances are extremely rare but do occur (as they do in society in general). I will address our response to inappropriate behaviour in a separate blog post.

Extract from School Strategic Plan

“Schools are not buildings, curriculum timetables and meetings. Schools are relationships and interactions among people.”                                                         Johnson and Johnson, 1989

At Old Orchard we aim to develop positive relationships with others, improve ourselves and work to the best of our ability in all areas. Respect is our primary value, encompassing a number of other values.

  • Respect for Ourselves- Resilience                   
  • Respect for Others- Teamwork                 
  • Respect for Learning – Excellence

RESILIENCE        
When tough things happen we are able to bounce back and look for the ‘half full glass’

  • We have the persistence to keep working hard, despite adversity
  • We believe in ourselves and our abilities
  • We treat others as we like to be treated
  • We support, encourage and help each other, especially those in need
  • We use humour to enjoy what life has to offer and to help us through the tough times

TEAMWORK      
Working together to listen, respect, help, share and learn, as we work towards a common goal

  • We display a positive attitude
  • We are honest, reliable and fair
  • We are friendly and courteous towards others and treat other as equals
  • We recognise, respect and celebrate the right for others to be different
  • We have a real interest in people and care about others’ needs

EXCELLENCE      
Being your best, trying to improve to reach your potential

  • We are self-motivated people with a preparedness to problem solve and start and complete tasks
  • We understand that learning is a life-long process
  • We understand that we are part of a learning community

Many other values are actively promoted and encouraged, both formally and informally. These include:

  • Trust
  • Responsibility
  • Integrity
  • Tolerance

The Old Orchard values guide all actions and interactions between members of the school community, including students, staff, parents and visitors.